When voters of an incorporated municipality or a county in Florida become concerned that their elected representatives are acting incompetently or improperly, state law gives the public the power to remove those elected officials from office through a recall petition and election.
For members of the Vero Beach City Council to be removed from office, for example, ten percent of the registered voters in the City would first need to sign a recall petition. A second petition would require signatures of 30 percent of the City’s registered voters. That petition wouldinclude statements of defense from the officials sought to be recalled. If the required signatures are obtained, a recall election would then be held. Council members named in the petition would retain their positions, or be removed from office, by simple majority of the voters participating in the recall election.
Elected officials in Florida can be removed from office for malfeasance, misfeasance, neglect of duty, drunkenness, incompetence, permanent inability to perform official duties, and conviction of a felony involving moral turpitude.
Below are the Florida Statutes governing procedures for removing elected officials from office.